The Bauhaus was a School of Architecture and Applied Arts, which became the center of modern design in Germany during the 1920’s, and played an important role in establishing a link between design and industrial production techniques. The Bauhaus was founded in 1919 from the merger carried out by Walter Gropius of the former Academy of Fine Arts and the School of Arts and Crafts in Weimar. Soon established close links with industry, and many products from their shops (furniture, textiles and electric light fixtures) were performed on a large scale.
The characteristic style of the Bauhaus is impersonal, geometric and severe, but with refinement of lines and shapes derived from a strict economy of means and thorough study of the nature of the materials. The Bauhaus started as a utopia, “the building the future should combine the arts and be on one level, this required a new type of artist beyond academic specialization, for which adequate education offered Bauhaus. Its founder, Walter Gropius, developed new methods of teaching the principles of which were based on the Arts & Crafts movement: “The school will turn and address in the workshop, artists, artisans, scholars directed classes and production, and there was no distinction, or categories between them.
At the height of the new design for this school-oriented, with the advent of new materials such as steel, the appearance of this piece caused real anger among connoisseurs. The Barcelona chair was created by architect Mies van der Rohe on the occasion of the Barcelona Universal Exposition of 1929, as part of the furniture of the German Pavilion, bringing together the functionality and modern metal with superb elegance of leather-upholstered. Mies was based on the forms of a folding chair to create this classic structure. The chair came to be used as the throne of Alfonso XIII at the opening of the fair.
Although it was always attributed to Mies, recently has also recognized the participation of fellow designer Lilly Reich in its creation. Its design is inspired by the seals curulis, a type of chair used by Roman magistrates. Its structure is stainless steel and the seat and back surfaces of the original chair was made with pigskin leather, though later, in 1950, were modified to produce mass materials (steel and chrome calf leather cushions filled with polyurethane foam in other colors).
Some authors argue that design is not completely comfortable (as it has no armrests and the material-skin-making body slowly dripping leaves, which ends up being awkward posture), but what is not can deny its elegance and simplicity, which I think is the secret of his success.